13 Nov 2013

Online publications tested in Tanzania

Publishing online in Tanzania has been tested for the first time. Read more here

30 Oct 2013

Bold commitments, disappointing delivery: Five challenges for Tanzania and the OGP

By Mtega.com

Tanzania has made strong statements about the Open Government Partnership (OGP). It has also promised to deliver. When President Kikwete spoke at the OGP Summit in Brazil in April 2012, he said:
“I promise that we will do our best to live up to the expectations of this partnership to promote transparency and accountability of our government to the people of Tanzania. I wish to reaffirm that our political will to achieve the OGP goals will not falter because open government is at the heart of the contract between state and citizens” 
But is Tanzania is living up to these bold words? The sceptics out there are not so sure. 
Just six months remain on the first two-year Action Plan. And while some progress has been made, overall it has been disappointing. The government has published its own self-assessment report on the OGP website. By my calculations, of the 25 commitments in Tanzania’s Action Plan, only two have been fully met – to publish a citizens’ budget and to establish an OGP focal person within government. Given that the first of these was already happening before the OGP, and was largely delivered by Policy Forum, this is not great.
But that harsh judgement may not be wholly fair. Though other commitments may have been met only in part, there is significant progress to report. Take a look at the Nifanyeje? website, the new NECTA exam results open data site and the National Audit Office website, or take have a sneak peak at the Ministry of Water’s forthcoming Waterpoint Mapping site. They’re all part of Tanzania’s OGP Action Plan commitments. None of them are perfect, they may not be beautiful and some of them are not finished, but at least they’re something.
The sense I have is that there’s a struggle going on within government. Some ministers and officials support the open government idea, others couldn’t care less. In parts of government where there is more support, where individual politicians or civil servants have been willing to push, there has been quicker progress.
Nevertheless, overall, progress has been slow and disappointing. A lot of work needs to be done if Tanzania is going to prove the OGP sceptics wrong. In particular, as world leaders (and I) gather in London this week for the next OGP Summit, where President Kikwete is expected to speak, here are five questions that Tanzania needs to answer.
1. What will the government do differently next time? Most of Tanzania’s commitments in the first OGP Action Plan have not been met. So how will the government make sure it delivers on the next set of commitments? And will someone be held accountable for it?
2. Will the next plan include some more ambitious commitments in key OGP areas? Tanzania’s first Action Plan covered a lot of different issues, but lacked ambition in key areas. The commitments on Freedom of Information Law and public officials’ asset disclosures were very minimal, for example. How about including commitments to open contracting, freedom of information, asset disclosures and freedom of the press?
3. Will the Tanzanian government be more open about open government? Tanzania’s engagement with the OGP has been far from perfect. Aside from the key gaps in the Action Plan and slow pace of delivery, the process has not lived up to the expected standards of transparency and participation, as the government’s own progress report admits. The Action Plan is not even available on the OGP website (though it can be found on the Ministry of Water’s site), and very little information on progress has been made public.
4. Will the government embrace fully open data standards? Even where Tanzania has fulfilled some parts of the first Action Plan, there are signs that the commitment to “open” is only partial. The Waterpoint mapping website, for example, is designed to make only some of the data public, and the National Audit Office site publishes reports in pdf format rather than machine-readable formats.
5. How does the government reconcile the suspension of Mwananchi, Mtanzania and MwanaHalisi newspapers and the Prime Minister’s exhortation in Parliament for the police to “beat” protesters with Tanzania’s commitment to open government? Open government means much more than delivering on a list of technical actions. It involves a change of mindset and a different approach to how government works.
The benefits of open government are worth struggling for. And the Open Government Partnership, for all its imperfections, may be one of the best mechanisms to help us achieve greater transparency and accountability. I will be listening carefully to see what President Kikwete and his fellow leaders say this week in relation to these 5 questions, and I encourage you to do the same. And even more importantly, watch carefully what is done. Because, as all good politicians know, actions speak louder than words.

28 Feb 2013

Tanzanian journalist harassed, suspected of 'selling state secrets'

 (RSF/IFEX) - Reporters Without Borders wrote to Tanzanian minister of home affairs Emmanuel Nchimbi last week to call for an end to the harassment of the journalist Erick Kabendera and his family by representatives of the state.
“Tanzania's ranking in the 2013 Reporters Without Borders press freedom index is 36 places lower than last year,” the 18 February letter said. “No journalists had been killed until September 2012, but thereafter two were killed in the space of four months and this has had a big impact on the Tanzanian news environment.
“Harassment by officials of such a respected journalist as Mr. Kabendera can only exacerbate the current sense of helplessness among Tanzanian journalists, especially when everything indicates that it is not random. These intimidation attempts are targeting a talented journalist and seem designed to protect a senior official who was affected by his testimony.”
Signed by secretary-general Christophe Deloire, the letter added: “Reporters Without Borders urges you to call the Immigration Department to order so that this disgraceful harassment stops. We also urge you to tell the police that they must do whatever is necessary to guarantee the safety of Mr. Kabendera and his family.”
A former employee of the Dar es Salaam-based Guardian newspaper, Kabendera was a 2009 winner of the David Astor Journalism Award for journalists who are “exceptionally promising and with a great potential for excellence in the future.”
In December 2012 in London, he testified for the defence in a libel suit that Tanzanian businessman and Guardian owner Reginald Mengi brought against British blogger Sarah Hermitage.
Ever since his return to Tanzania, he has been the target of intimidation attempts. His home has been ransacked three times and Immigration officials have been casting doubt on his nationality without any legal grounds.
His elderly and ailing parents were escorted in an appalling manner to a regional immigration office where they were subjected to an eight-hour interrogation and were asked to sign documents without being allowed to read them.
Although life-long employees of the Tanzanian state, Kabendera's parents obtained limited and unsatisfactory explanations from the officials who interrogated them. The officials said that the investigation was ordered by Immigration Department Commissioner Magnus Paul Ulungi, and that it was a “sensitive” matter that had to be followed “closely.” One official added that Kabendera was suspected of selling state secrets to “European powers” but “everything will be all right” if he remains “humble.”
After falling 36 places, Tanzania is now ranked 70th out of 179 countries in the latest Reporters Without Borders press freedom index.

19 Feb 2013

This week on Daraja’s newspaper…

                                       (who will replace Makinda in Njombe constituency ?)

The following is a round-up of some of the stories that have appeared on this week’s Daraja publication, Daraja Letu (Njombe edition)

A primary teacher doing wonders
Beda Mtitu, headmaster of Kibeto Primary School, is also the only teacher there. He has been teaching at the school on his own for seven years now since 2006. Currently the school has 77 pupils and three classrooms. Mtitu is not happy with the situation. He has asked the district to send in more teachers but was told that people must first build more classrooms and houses for teachers which the village has not yet done. The district education officer has also said that school inspectors will be dispatched before they consider sending more teachers there. So, he is the only teacher. But last year eight out of the 11 pupils who sat for the national standard seven exam passed.

 No electricity for fear of witchcraft
People in Ludewa village in Ludewa district have refused to have their homes connected to electricity for fear of repercussions from the local witches (wachawi). Everyone is waiting for someone else to take the first step to see what happens. Witchcraft has the village in a grip of fear with people claiming to see the dead walking during the night. Ludewa District Commissioner, Juma Madaha, along with several other officials has been to the village to try and talk some ‘sense’ into the scared community.  However, say the villagers, unless the district commissioner can get rid of the walking dead no one will get electricity into their house. It is believed that witches,  in that village usually target the most successful people in the community because of jealous.

 Who will step into Makinda’s shoes?
The lead story asks who will stand for a seat in parliament through ruling party CCM’s ticket in the 2015 general elections following the Speaker of the House and Njombe Kusini’s MP Anne Makinda’s statement that she will not contest after her current term is over. Makinda who was quoted as said that contrary to popular opinion, MPs do not have any money at all and have to struggle to make ends meet. One, Deo Mwanyika- who hails from Njombe and employed by Africa Barrick Gold, as a Deputy President (Africa), is said to be among those who will stand, if he is nominated by his party CCM, anyway.

 To the hospital in a tractor
The health centre in Luana ward is, according to people in Luana, too expensive. It is so expensive that they would rather hire the village tractor to go to the district hospital in Ludewa. People only go to the centre as a last resort because apart from being too expensive, the drugs are also frequently missing and getting a health staff to attend takes hours. Alphonce Haule, the tractor driver says it takes up to two hours to get to Ludewa. Recently, a  child has died because his parents did not have enough money to go to the centre or hire the tractor to town. The health centre belongs to a Catholic Church priest in the area. A nurse at the centre says that is the problem because the church just sets its own prices for the drugs. “If we open a government centre then things will be different,” she is quoted as saying.

Nineteen kilometres walk to test for malaria
 People in Ludende village have to walk up to 19kms just to get a malaria test as their clinic doesn’t have the testing kits. Zakaria Mhagama says the health staff diagnose them by asking questions about how they feel. Zakaria and others are scared that they might be treated for the wrong disease and lose their lives. It costs about Tsh 25,000 (USD  16) on a motorcycle to go to one of the nearby health centres in Lugarawa and Milo villages.

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31 Jan 2013

Presentation to ICT4D TweetUp at Google Campus

This is the presentation made by Daraja's Ben Taylor to the London ICT4D meeting on ICTs for social justice, earlier this week. It covers the failure of our Maji Matone programme, and lessons learned from the experience.

The presentation is largely the same as that given to other recent events, including the PwC International Development Conference, the OpenUp 2012 event in London, DFID's Digitial Development Day, and the Engineers Without Borders Annual Conference.

8 Jan 2013

Cecilia: How I lost my dear husband to witchcraft claims

Originally published in Daraja's Kwanza Jamii Njombe local newspaper, in Swahili, this article has since been translated and republished in the (Tanzanian) Guardian newspaper (see here). 

Cecilia: How I lost my dear husband to witchcraft claims
By Sauli Gilliard

It is five o’clock in the evening and Cecilia Haule, a resident of Ibani village in Ludewa is returning home from work. The mother of three had been labouring for almost ten hours at a maize farm to earn only 1,000/- at the end of the day.

Perhaps she could be saving some of this money for the rainy days if her husband had been alive. Unfortunately he is not and so as her family’s sole breadwinner, she spends all the money she earns to cater for her family’s needs.